Statements of Faith
The statements of Faith herein constitute the consensus of opinion of
the Baptist body known as the Nigerian Baptist Convention and are meant
for general instruction and guidance of her people. They are not meant
to add anything to the conditions of salvation as revealed in the New
Testament, i.e. repentance toward God and faith in Jesus Christ as
Saviour and Lord.
Statements of Faith and Practice is not a creed to be adopted. Baptists
are a people who profess a living faith rooted in Jesus Christ.
Therefore, the only authority for faith and practice among Baptists is
Jesus Christ, whose life and will is revealed in Holy Scriptures.
living faith exercises a growing understanding of truth and must be
continually interpreted and related to the needs of each generation. No
Statement of Faith can be regarded as complete, without error, or as an
official document of authority demanding compulsory adherence.
emphasize the soul’s competency before God, freedom in religion and the
priesthood of the believer. However, there are certain doctrines that
Baptists believe, cherish and uphold. It is the purpose of these
Statements of Faith to set forth certain teachings which we uphold and
THE HOLY BIBLE
Bible, composed of thirty-nine books in the Old Testament and
twenty-seven books in the New Testament, was written by divinely
inspired persons over many years and in several languages. God’s written
word to mankind is special and unlike any other writings. In it God
reveals his actions in history. The Bible is a true record of God’s work
in the creation of the universe including the creation of mankind in
his own image. The Scriptures reveal the nature and condition of
mankind, the consequences of disobedience, God’s judgement, salvation,
plan and purposes. The Bible is the standard by which all statements of
faith and creeds are to be judged. Jesus Christ is the fulfillment of
God’s purpose in self-revelation, hence Christ is forever the criterion
by which the Bible is to be interpreted. Exodus 24:4; Deuteronomy 4:1-2;
6:17-19; Joshua 8:34; Psalm 19:7-10; 119:11, 77,105,140; Isaiah 34:16;
40:8; Jeremiah 15:16, 36; Matthew 5:17-18; 7:22-29; Luke 21:33; John
1:17; 5:39; Acts 2:16ff; Romans 15:4; 16:25; 2 Timothy 3:15-17; Hebrews
1:1-2; 4:12; 2 Peter 1:19-21.
There is only one God and besides Him there is no other. He is the
creator of heaven and earth and all therein. God is eternal. He has no
beginning or end, He is all-knowing, all-wise and almighty. God is
personal; he has will and purpose. He is the absolute ruler of the
universe, the redeemer and preserver of all his creation. God reveals
Himself to us as Father, Son and Holy Spirit while continuing always to
be one God. To Him belong our highest love, reverence and obedience.
Genesis 1:1; Exodus 19:5; Deuteronomy 6:4; Psalm 50:10-11; Isaiah 40:28;
43:11; 44:6; 45:5, 6, 14, 18, 21-23; Matthew 28:19; John 4:24; 10:30;
Romans 5:5; 8:15; 1 Corinthians 8:4; 2 Corinthians 3:18; Revelation
A. The Trinity
three revelations of God as Father, Son and Holy Spirit are a mystery
which defies human understanding or ability to give adequate expression
of man’s experiences with his threefold nature. Man’s attempt to explain
the three revelations produced the word Trinity which means
three-in-one. In tie Trinity God reveals Himself as Father, Son and Holy
Spirit, each having distinct attributes but without division 3f nature,
essence or being. Genesis 1:26; John 1:1; 10:29-30, 37-38; 14:9-10; 1
B. The Father
reveals Himself as Father with loving care over all his creation. God
provides for both physical and spiritual needs of his creation. All
those who have faith in Jesus Christ are able to know personally God’s
fatherly mercy in his judgement, correction and loving forgiveness.
Genesis 1:1; 2:7; Exodus 3:14; 6:2-3; 15:11ff; 20:1ff; Leviticus 22:2;
Deuteronomy 6:4; 32:6; 1 Chronicles 29:10; Psalm 19:1-3; Isaiah 43:3,15;
64:8; Jeremiah 10:10; 17:13; Matthew6:9ff; 7:11; 23:9; 28:19; Mark
1:9-11; John 4:24; 5:26; 14:6-13; 17:1-8; Acts 1:7; Romans 8:14-15; 1
Corinthians 8:6; Galatians 4:6; Ephesians 4:6; Colossians 1:15; 1
Timothy 1:17; Hebrews 11:6; 12:9; 1 Peter 1:17; 1 John 5:7.
C. The Son
true God reveals Himself as the eternal Son of God. Conceived by the
Holy Spirit in the womb of the virgin Mary, the Son of God was born into
the world with complete divine and human natures, yet without sin.
Jesus is the Son of God in a manner apart from all other of God’s
creatures. Jesus as Son of God acts and speaks in perfect union with
God. He is absolutely obedient to the Father. Jesus is the Christ
(Messiah) and is God in human flesh. He is all of God that mankind was
able to see, feel and hear physically. Jesus is the incarnation of God
in human flesh. He existed before creation and was the instrument in
is the beginning and final goal of history. He revealed God’s nature
and will for mankind in his ministry through word and deed. He was
perfectly obedient to the divine plan of redemption of man from sin by
his death on the cross. He was raised from the dead, after which He
appeared alive to is disciples and many other witnesses on many
occasions and in. many places. He was exalted to heavenly places at
God’s right hand where He is the one perfect mediator between God and
man effecting the reconciliation of man to God. He lives within every
true believer as the ever present Lord. Psalm 2:7ff; 110:1ff; Isaiah
7:14; Matthew 1:18-23; 3:17; 8:29; 11:27; 14:33; 16:16, 27; 17:5;
28:16,19; Mark 1:1; 3:11; Luke 1:35; 4:41; 22:70; 24:46; John 1:1-18;
8:29; 10:30, 36-38; 11:25-27; 12:44-50; 14:7-11; 16:15-16, 28; 17:1-5,
21-22; 20:1-20, 28; Acts 1:9; 2:22-24; 7:55-56; 9:4-5, 20; Romans 1:3-4;
3:23-26; 5:6-21; 8:1-3, 34; 10:4; 1 Corinthians 1:30; 2:2; 8:6;
15:1-8,24-28; 2 Corinthians 5:19-21; Galatians 4:4-5; Ephesians 1:20;
3:11; 4:7-10; Philippians 2:5-11; Colossians 1:13-22; 2:9; 1
Thessalonians4:14-18; 1 Timothy 2:5-6; 3:16; Titus 2:13-14; Hebrews
1:1-3; 4:14-15; 7:14-28; 8:12-15, 24-28; 12:2; 13:8; 1 Peter 2:21-25;
3:22; 1 John 1:7-9; 3:2; 4:14-15; 5:9; 2 John 7-9; Revelation 1:13-16;
5-14; 12:10-11; 19:16.
D. The Holy Spirit
manifests Himself as Holy Spirit. God as Holy Spirit inspired the
writer of both the Old and New Testaments. The Holy Spirit illumines the
mind of man to enable him to understand spiritual truth. He convicts of
sin, of righteousness and of judgement. He calls men to repent of sin
and come to the Saviour. He effects regeneration (the new birth). He
cultivates Christian character and bestows the spiritual gifts by which
believers perform their service in the church. The presence of the Holy
Spirit in the life of the believer is the assurance that God will bring
the believer into the fullness of the stature of Christ. The Holy Spirit
comforts the believer in times of trouble and enlightens and empowers
the believer for worship, evangelism and service. Genesis 1:2; Judges
14:6; Job 26:13; Psalm 5:11; 9:7ff; Isaiah 61:1-3; Joel 2:28-32; Matthew
1:18; 3:16; 4:1; 28:19; Mark 1:10, 12; Luke 1:35; 4:1, 18-19; 11:13;
12:12; 24:49; John 4:24; 14:16-17, 26; 16:7-14; Acts1:8; 2:1-4, 38;
4:31; 5:3; 7:55; 8:17, 39; 10:44; 13:2; 15:28; 16:6; 19:1-6; Romans
8:9-11,14-16,26-27; 1 Corinthians 2:10-14;3:16; 12:3-11;Galatians4:6;
Ephesians 1:13-14; 4:30; 5:18; 1 Thessalonians 5:19; 1 Timothy 3:16;
4:1; 2 Timothy 1:14; 3:16; Hebrews 9:8,14; 2 Peter 1:21; 1 John 4:13;
5:6-7; Revelation 1:10; 22:17.
The Spirit-filled Life
indwelling of the Holy Spirit is inseparable from salvation. The Holy
Spirit is the evidence of the life of Christ in every believer. He
enters the believer once and forever. His presence is evidence of the
believer’s redemption. The Christian who consciously and consistently
yields to the Holy Spirit is filled with the Holy Spirit. Christians are
admonished to be filled with the Holy Spirit. The Holy Spirit is
grieved when a Christian sins and Christians are warned not to grieve
the Holy Spirit. John 7:38-39; 16:12-15; Acts 2:4; 4:8, 31; 6:3, 5;
7:55; 9:17; 11:24; 13:9, 52; Ephesians 5:18
The Fruit of the Spirit
Spirit-filled person unmistakably manifests the fruits of love, joy,
peace, long-suffering, gentleness, goodness, faith, meekness and
temperance, which are evidence of the Spirit’s control. Manifestations
of the fruit of the Spirit testify to the saving and transforming power
of Jesus Christ. Acts 4:31-35; 2 Corinthians 6:4-6; Galatians 5:22-23;
Colossians 1:8; 1 Peter 1:22.
The Gifts of the Holy Spirit
Holy Spirit gives to Christians certain gifts for the equipping of the
believers for ministry and the building up of the church of Jesus
Christ. These gifts are varied and many. Some are listed in Romans 12, 1
Corinthians 12 and 14 and Ephesians 4. No believer has all of these
gifts. No gift is superior to another or to be used as criteria for the
spirituality of believers. Among the gifts are wisdom, teaching,
tongues, interpretation of tongues, administration, healing, miracles,
evangelism, prophecy, stirring speech, giving, leadership and
exhortation. Scriptures specifically caution against the misuse of the
gift of speaking in ecstatic utterance. It is not a forbidden gift, but
must be interpreted and done decently and in order. Romans 12:6-8; 1
Corinthians 7:7; 12:4-11, 28; Ephesians 4:11-15; 1 Peter 4:10.
was created by the special act of God in God’s own image. Man is a
spiritual being with the capacity to fellowship with God. In the
beginning man was innocent of sin and given the freedom of choice. Man
misused this freedom by choosing to obey Satan rather than God and thus
brought sin into the human race. The result is that his posterity
inherited a nature and environment inclined toward sin and, like their
forebears, as soon as they are capable of moral choice, they become
transgressors and are under condemnation. Though aware of God’s
everlasting power and divine nature, mankind refused to glorify God in
their hearts. Only the grace of God can bring man into fellowship with
Him and enable man to fulfill the purpose for which he was created. Man
is incapable of self-redemption and reconciliation with God. In his
gracious love and mercy, God intervened by taking the initiative in the
person of Jesus Christ to save man from sin and restore him to
fellowship with God’. God’s creation of man and His provision of
salvation for man deem every person worthy of respect and Christian
love. Genesis 1:26-30; 2:5, 7,18-22; 3:1-24; 9:6; Psalm 1:1-6; 8:3-6;
32:1-5; Isaiah 6:5; Jeremiah 17:5; Matthew 16:26;Acts 17:26-31; Romans
1:19-32; 3:10-18, 23; 5:6, 12, 19; 6:6; 7:14-25; 8:14-18, 29; 1
Corinthians 1:21-31; 15:19, 21-22; Ephesians 2:1-22; Colossians 1:21-22;
Bible does not deal with the origin of evil. It assumes it, relates its
destructive power, and shows how God deals with the problem of evil.
A. The Fall of Man
was created in a state of innocence and was neither righteous nor
sinful. To become either he exercised the right of choice. God permitted
man to be tested and man chose to do that which was not God’s will.
This willful decision against God constituted sin. Genesis 2:16-17;
3:1-7; Romans 5:2; 6:16, 23.
Scriptures describe sin as crookedness, violence, lawlessness,
iniquity, wickedness, offence and rebellion. Sin may be defined as
rebellion against God’s will. God does not classify sin as large or
small. The greatest sin is unbelief with respect to Jesus Christ.
Genesis 2:17; Psalm 51:5; John 3:18; Romans 3:23; 5:12; 6:16; James
God’s created angelic being, by his own free act lost his original
supremacy and dignity and became the prince of darkness, a fiend (an
evil spirit). The angelic Lucifer became Satan when in pride he
attempted to exalt himself above God. The Bible, Christ and the apostles
present him as a real being about whom the saints are constantly
warned. He has power over man limited to this life only. He was overcome
by Christ and can be successfully resisted by the redeemed child of
God. He will share an eternal doom with ail those whom he has seduced.
His chief aim is to deceive and destroy that which will bring glory and
honour to the Almighty God. Job 1:1-22; 2:1-13; Isaiah 14:12-14:64:6;
Ezekiel 28:11-19; Matthew 4:1-11; Ephesians 5:11; 2 Thessalonians 2:4-9;
James 1:14-15; Jude 13.
Satan, demons were created angelic beings of good. While some angels
continue in their created functions, others followed their master in
rebellion against God and are bent on the destruction of the gracious
purposes of God. Scriptures indicate that some demons are bound and some
are free to roam as wise, angelic beings, powerful, but not almighty.
Seeking human possession, they have wills, emotions and desires. They
are fierce and wrathful. They seek to possess unbelievers and oppress
the redeemed children of God. They can never separate the Christian from
God’s love. Christians have authority in Christ to stand against
demons. Matthew 9:34; 25:41; Mark 9:20-26; 16:17; Luke 10:17-20; Acts
16:16; 19:15; Romans 8:38-39; Ephesians 2:2; 6:10-18; 2 Thessalonians
2:4-9; 2 Peter 2:4; 1 John 4:1-6; Revelation 16:13-16.
is God’s redemption of the whole man. It is offered freely to all who,
in response to the Holy Spirit’s conviction of sin, turn away from their
sin and accept Jesus Christ as Saviour, for he is the one who, by his
own death on the cross, obtained eternal redemption for them.
A. Regeneration (the New Birth)
and faith are inseparable graces of God that result in man’s spiritual
incorporation into the life of Christ. The experience is referred to as
regeneration or “the new birth,” In this experience one publicly commits
his life and loyalty to Jesus Christ as Saviour and Lord.
is God’s gracious and full acquittal upon the basis of His
righteousness ascribed to sinful man. Justification brings the believer
into a relationship of peace and favour with God.
is the experience which begins with the “new birth” in which the
believer is set apart and enabled by the Holy Spirit to grow in the
likeness of Jesus Christ who was without sin and imperfection.
is the final and blessed state of the believer. Glorification is the
blessed and glorious culmination of salvation. Genesis 3:15; Exodus
3:14-17; 6:2-8; Matthew 1:21; 4:17; 16:21-26; 27:22-66; 28:1-6; Luke
1:68-69; 2:28-32; John 1:11-14, 29; 3:3-21, 36; 5:24; 10:9,28-29;
15:1-16; 17:17;Acts2:21;4;12; Acts 15:11; 16:30-31; 17:30-31; 20:32;
Romans 1:16-18; 2:4; 3:23-25; 4:3ff; 5:8-10; 6:1-23; 8:1-18, 29-39;
10:9-10, 13; 13:11-14; 1 Corinthians 1:18, 30; 6:19-20; 15:tO; 2
Corinthians 5:17-20; Galatians 2:20; 3:13; 5:22-25; 6:15; Ephesians 1:7;
2:8-22; 4:11-16; Philippians 2:12-13; Colossians 1:9-22; 3:1ff; 1
Thessalonians 5:23-24; 2 Timothy 1:12; Titus2:11-14; Hebrews 2:1-3;
5:8-9; 9:24-28; 11:1-40; 12:1-8, 14; James 2:14-26; 1 Peter 1:2-23; 1
John 1:6-10; 21-11; Revelation 3:20; 21:1-27; 22:1-5.
one is united with Christ he is delivered from the kingdom of darkness
into the Kingdom of God’s marvelous light. He is possessed by the Spirit
of Christ and in him the righteousness of Christ dwells complete.
Neither Satan nor his demons can possess the redeemed child of God. The
believer is not, however, removed from the earthly domain of darkness
wherein the demonic forces roam and seek to deceive and dishonour the
Almighty God. Christians are urged to put on the whole armour of God to
withstand the forces of evil. They are urged to resist the devil and he
will flee. Christ has won victory over Satan and in His authority the
Christian can stand against the evil forces of Satan and his demons.
in whom the righteousness of Christ has not been imputed (transferred)
may be the helpless victims of demonic powers and demonic possession.
Christians have the duty to present the message of deliverance to these
helpless victims in the authority (name) of Jesus Christ and the message
of God’s eternal deliverance in salvation. All sin and evil are the
work of Satan. Christians are commanded to present God’s message of
eternal salvation wherein a soul is eternally delivered from the kingdom
of darkness into the Kingdom of light. John 1:9; 9:5; 10:28; Romans
6:14; 8:2; 2 Corinthians 3:18; Philippians 2:12, 13; Colossians 1:13;
2:15; Hebrews 5:9; 9:12.